The Convention MLC 2006, which has been recently rectified by the Albanian Parliament with the Law no 103/2015, it's an important milestone not only for our country but for the global shipping sector in promoting decent living and working conditions for seafarers and fairer competition conditions, for operators and ship-owners.
The Maritime Labour Convention was adopted at the February 2006 Conference of the International Labour Organization (ILO. The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 (“MLC, 2006”) establishes minimum working and living standards for all seafarers working on ships flying the flags of ratifying countries where Albania recently makes part. It’s also an essential step forward in ensuring a level-playing field for countries and shipowners who, until now, have paid the price of being undercut by those who operate substandard ships. Questions and answers.
The Convention is split into three parts – Articles, Regulations and the Code (Part A and B). The Code details provisions of the Convention and contains two parts – mandatory Part A and advisory Part B.
The provisions cover five working Titles (dictating minimum standards):
Title 1. Minimum requirements for seafarers to work on a ship
Title 2. Conditions of Employment
Title 3. Accommodation, recreational facilities, food and catering
Title 4. Health protection, medical care, welfare and social security
Title 5. Compliance and enforcement.
In line with the (ILO) motto ‘TO ENSURE DECENT SEAFARERS’ WORKING AND LIVING CONDITIONS’, the MlC 2006 sets out seafarers' rights to decent conditions of work and helps to create conditions of fair competition for shipowners.
The MLC Convention entered into force internationally on August, 20th 2013 and Albania is one of the last countries which officially approved to be Member State of this Convention.
The MLC, 2006 consolidates and revises all except four of the previous maritime labour instruments adopted by the ILO between 1920 and 1996. The Convention’s main objectives are to ensure the worldwide protection of the rights of seafarers and to establish a level playing field for countries and shipowners committed to providing decent working and living conditions to seafarers.
The ratification by Albania, a coastal state and a maritime nation, represents another important step towards the universal implementation of the Convention. Strategically located, Albanian ports are critical for the maritime transport of the Balkan region, in particular as they provide maritime trade access to landlocked neighbouring States.
Albania is the 80th Member State to have ratified this historic Convention. The MLC, 2006 will enter into force for Albania on 28th of October 2017, that is, one year after its ratification. For more background information, please visit the dedicated MLC, 2006 webpage.